The World Population day is on the 11th of July. As the name suggests, this day concerns the issues regarding population and was originated to spread awareness about its rapid escalation. It is celebrated all over the world. The World Population Day history dates back to the 11th of July 1989 when the governing council of the UNDP (United Nations Development Program) came up with this idea of influencing and educating a large number of people at a time. The global population touched five billion around 1989 it was then that the concept of the World Population Day was conceived. It is commemorated in order to spread awareness among the people about the population that escalades every year. This day plays a great role in bringing the issue of the growing population into the concern of the people. China and India are the two most populated countries of the world.
There are many issues that the world goes through today, one of which is the growing population. This is an issue that affects so many factors including the natural resources for the sustenance of all the living beings. It is obvious that the growth in population increases the demand of resources.
Let’s look at some of the negative impacts of the growing population-
One of the main negative environmental impacts that the over population has led to is the deficiency in the supply of adequate and clean water. There are many parts of the world that goes through the crisis of clean water due to which the people are compelled to use contaminated water which contribute in the escalation of epidemic diseases. Rivers are mostly used for irrigation as a result of which they dry up before reaching the people.
A large number of forests is cleared for the industrial, agricultural and urban use every year. When there is a rapid growth in the population, the demand for crops and wood would also increase resulting in a massive clearing of forests. Then there is the need for space as well, people require area for accommodating themselves. More the people, more the houses, buildings, stores, vehicles etc.
Over-population leads to the possibility of an extremely dirty environment both in rural and urban sections of a country. The rural areas cannot sustain such a huge population hence the people often migrate to cities in search of jobs, the labor classes cannot afford to rent accommodation so either they begin staying on the road sides or create slums where they stay on extremely unhygienic conditions that are potent of giving birth to epidemic diseases.
When there is over-population in a country, people will face unemployment as there are limited requirement of candidates for jobs. Now, this issue of unemployment gives rise to so many crimes. To meet the basic requirements of their family, people will indulge in activities like theft, loot, burglary, kidnapping etc.
There is a limitation to the amount of resources that the earth can produce. The food and water supplies are falling short due to the rapid growth of population. Moreover, people are cutting down trees and clearing up fields for the construction of buildings. People who can access sufficient food and water are over-using them; farmers are not given their recognition and acknowledgement etc.
So, these are some of the harmful impacts of over-population on the environment and society.
The purpose and the awareness that the world population day serves is to be followed by all the people of the world. Since, the problem of over-population gives rise to so many other issues, we can consider it among the most hazardous affairs that the world faces today. We being the inhabitants of earth should take responsibilities to maintain a healthy balance of population which is not only beneficial to the society but to ourselves as well.